Edward Franklin Albee|
(March 12, 1928 - September 16, 2016) U.S.A.
Born somewhere in Virginia (contrary to the popular belief that he was born in Washington D.C.), he was adopted as an infant into a Westchester County, New York, family with theatrical links.
Albee attended the Rye Country Day School in New York, then the Lawrenceville School in New Jersey, where he was expelled. He then was sent to Valley Forge Military Academy in Wayne, Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1945 at the age of 17. He next enrolled in the graduate studies program at Choate prep school in Connecticut, graduating in 1946. His formal education continued at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, where he was expelled in 1947 for skipping classes and refusing to attend compulsory chapel.
Albee did not begin writing until he was 30. The less than diligent student later dedicated much of his time to promoting American university theatre, frequently speaking at campuses and serving as a distinguished professor at the University of Houston from 1989 to 2003. His plays belong to the drama of the absurd.
In 2008, in celebration of his eightieth birthday, numerous Albee plays are being mounted in distinguished Off Broadway venues, including the historic Cherry Lane Theatre, where the playwright himself is directing two of his one-acts, The American Dream and The Sandbox, which were produced at the theater in 1961 and 1962, respectively.
His acclaimed Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, depicting a dysfunctional marriage, was said by some critics to portray gay relationships, with the female characters really men in drag. In 1962, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? debuted on Broadway and forever changed American playwriting by "ushering in a more brazen era"; the 1966 film adaptation, starring Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton (and directed by Mike Nichols), made the play Albee's most enduring work.
He also wrote "The Zoo Story", "A Delicate Balance", and"The Goat, or Who is Sylvia?", among many others. Albee was openly gay throughout his career; his longtime partner, Jonathan Thomas, died on May 2, 2005. Edward Albee died at home in 2016; he was eighty-eight.
- The Zoo-Story (1959)
- The American Dream (1961)
- Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf (1961 - Tony Award prize)
- The Ballad of the Sad Cafe (1963)
- The Play About the Baby, Tiny Alice (1964)
- A Delicate Balance (1966 - Pulitzer Prize)
- All Over (1970)
- Seascape (1975 - Pulitzer Prize)
- The Man Who Had Two Arms (1983)
- Three Tall Women (1991 - Pulitzer Prize)
- The Goat or Who is Sylvia (2002)
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - http://lgbt-history-archive.tumblr.com/ - et alii