(June 3, 1906 - April 12, 1975) U.S.A. - France
Singer, actress, dancer, and entertainer
Josephine Baker was born in St.Louis, Missouri. Chorus girl who rose to fame in the Folies Bergères in Paris, she was a bisexual singer and actress who lived most of her life in France. She was known to have had many same-sex relationships, including an affair with artist Frida Kahlo, and Baker did little to hide her bisexuality.
Baker left home at age 13 to pursue a career in show business. Finding the United States difficult for black performers, she eventually settled in France. Although Baker lived in France, she played a seminal role in the African American Civil Rights Movement, being among the first, and most popular, black entertainers to refuse to perform for segregated audiences when she toured the United States.
Famous for her Parisian show La Revue Nègre and for walking her pet cheetah through the Paris streets; during World War II she served as an intelligence liaison and an ambulance driver for the French Resistance and was awarded the Medal of the Resistance and the Legion of Honor.
Between 1954 and 1965 she and her husband adopted twelve children of various races and nationalities, a family she called her "Rainbow Tribe". She died in France, after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage; she is the only American-born woman to have received full French military honors at her funeral.
- Zou Zou (1934)
- Princess Tam Tam (1935)
- J'ai deux amours - mon pays et Paris
She was known also as: