(September 30, 1924 - August 25, 1984) U.S.A.
Born in New Orleans, his original name was Truman Streckfus Persons. Novelist, short story writer, journalist, and playwright, Capote gained international fame with his "nonfiction novel" In Cold Blood, an account of a real life crime in which an entire family was murdered by two sociopaths. The Louisiana - Mississippi - Alabama area provided the setting for much of Capote's fiction.
Truman Capote claimed to have slept with actor Errol Flynn, and once wryly asserted that, "I'm an alcoholic. I'm a drug addict. I'm a homosexual. I'm a genius. Of course, I could be all of these dubious things and still be a saint."
Capote's long-time companion and heir, Jack Dunphy, was also a writer. Before he met Dunphy, Capote had fallen in love with Newton Arvin, a professor of Literature at Smith College in Massachusetts. Arvin was 45 and Truman was 22 at the time. They were lovers for several years and Capote's set up a trust fund to annually give out "The Truman Capote Award for Literary Criticism in memory of Newton Arvin."
Truman Capote is known for his sense of the bizarre, which is evident in all of his work - from the gothic fiction of A Tree of Night to the almost surreal journalism of In Cold Blood. He was a prominent figure in the New York literary world in his later years.
Some of his novels:
- Other Voices, Other Rooms (1948)
- A Tree of Night (1949)
- The Grass Harp (1951)
- Breakfast at Tiffany's (1958)
- In Cold Blood (1966)
- A Christmas Memory (1966)
- The Dogs Bark: Public People and Private Places (1973)
- Music for Chamaleons (1980)