Manuel De Falla y Mattheu|
(November 23, 1876 - November 14, 1946) Spain
Born in Cadiz, Spain, he lived in France where he was influenced by the impressionists, especially Debussy and Ravel. His first work of importance, the opera La vida breve (The Brief Life, 1905, performed 1913) was followed by the ballets El amor brujo (Love, the Magician, 1915), and El sombrero de tres picos (The Tree-cornered Hat, 1919), and his most ambitious concert work, Noches en los jardines de España (Nights in the Gardens of Spain, 1916).
The folk-idiom of southern Spain is an integral part of his compositions.
Manuel de Falla was gay. He was rumored to have been involved in a homosexual menage a trois with French composer Maurice Ravel and Spanish pianist Ricardo Vines.
His deep ascetic religiosity led him to support the Franco Nationalists whom he saw as a check to the anti-religious sentiment of the Left. He was appointed President of the Institute of Spain by Franco in 1935. He was quickly disillusioned by the Franco Regime and in 1938, resigned his post and emigrated to Argentina where he was cared for by his sister and where he died.