(480 - 407 BC) Greece
Born at Salamis. His influence on later drama was probably more important than either of the two other great tragedians, Aeschilus and Sophocles. A realist, he was bitterly attacked for his unorthodox "impiety" and sympathy for the despised: slaves, beggars ans women. His plays reflect his concern with individual passions and social issues, dealing with ordinary people rather than the idealized heroes and higer princilpes felt at the time to be appripriate subjects for tragedy.
At the end of his life, he went into vulontary exile from Athens to Macedonia. He wrote more than 92 plays, of which only 19 survive, the most famous being: Medea (531 BC), Alcestis (438), Andromache (420), Trojan Women (415), Electra (413), Iphigenia in Tauris (413), Iphigenia in Aulis (405), Bacchae (405).