Jean Louis Théodore André Géricault|
(1791 - January 26, 1824) France
Géricault, born into a wealthy Rouen family, studied with the French painters Carle Vernet and Pierre Guérin and also traveled to Italy to study from 1816 to 1817. He was greatly influenced by the work of Michelangelo and other Italian Renaissance painters, as well as that of the Flemish master Peter Paul Rubens. Early in his career, Géricault's paintings began to exhibit qualities that set him apart from such neoclassical French painters as Jacques-Louis David.
Géricault soon became the acknowledged leader of the French romantics. His Charging Chasseur (1812, Musée du Louvre, Paris) and Wounded Cuirassier (1814, Musée du Louvre) display violent action, bold design, and dramatic color, and evoke powerful emotion. These characteristics appeared in heightened form in his immense and overpowering canvas Raft of the Medusa.
The painting's disturbing combination of idealized figures and realistically depicted agony, as well as its gigantic size and graphic detail, aroused a storm of controversy between neoclassical and romantic artists. Its depiction of a politically volatile scandal (the wreck was due to government mismanagement) also caused controversy.
In 1820 Géricault traveled to England, where he painted his Race for the Derby at Epsom (Louvre). At the time of his death, Géricault was engaged in painting a series of portraits of mental patients that demonstrate the preoccupation of the romantic artists with derangement and neurosis. Among his other works are a number of bronze statuettes, a superb series of lithographs, and hundreds of drawings and color sketches.
A keen horseman himself (he was killed in a riding accident), he is noted for pictures including horses, for example The Officer of the Imperial Guard. His Raft of The Medusa (1818-1819, Musée du Louvre), showing an incident in which shipwrecked seamen had deliberately been set adrift, had political repercussions.