(ruled 1826 - March 1842) Afghanistan
Kamran Shah claimed the throne of Afghanistan, however by 1838 his territory had been reduced to the walled city of Herat in western Afghanistan. The town was surrounded by Persian and British troops as well as troops of his rival claimants to the throne of Afghanistan. Even within Herat, his Grand Vizier had usurped his authority. The British supported the Persians in their siege of Herat, in exchange for the Persians attacking the Sikh Empire, however they switched sides and helped defend Herat when they found out the Russians were also supporting the Persians.