Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier|
(formerly marquis de) Lafayette
(September 6, 1757 - May 20, 1834) France
Soldier and statesman
Born in the Chavaniac Castle, in Auvergne. He fought against Britain in the American War of Independence. Lafayette served in the Continental Army under George Washington.
During the French revolution he sat in the National Assembly as a costitutional royalist, and in 1789 was given command of the National Guard.
In 1792 he fled the country after attempting to restore the monarchy, and was imprisoned by the Austrians until 1797.
He supported Napoleon during the Hundred Days, sat in the Chamber of Deputies as a Liberal from 1818, and assisted the revolution of 1830.
He was a popular hero in USA, and towns in Louisiana and Indiana are named after him.