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Earl Lind
(1874 - after 1924) U.S.A.

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Earl Lind (a.k.a. Ralph Werther; Jennie June), was born in a Puritan family in Connecticut. He was born into a Puritan family. As a child, Lind asked others to call him by Jennie instead of Earl, and he spent much more time with girls than with boys. He became very shy and introverted when his parents sent him off to an all boys school and also became very depressed, considering suicide.

Lind realized at a young age that he was an androgyne looking to change from male to female. At the time, the term transgender was not prevalent; instead words such as “androgyne” and “fairie” were used. He struggled throughout his life up to his late twenties with his extreme desire to perform fellatio, claiming to have partaken in over sixteen hundred sexual encounters in the span of a dozen years.

As a young adult, Lind found safe havens in places such as Paresis Hall in New York City to take on her new identity. Paresis Hall, or Columbia Hall, was one of many establishments considered the center of homosexual nightlife where male prostitutes would do as female prostitutes did, soliciting men under an effeminate persona. Places like Paresis Hall provided a place where people like Lind could gather and feel more free to express themselves and socialize with similar people in a time when cross dressing was not just looked down upon, but illegal.

Earl Lind

Lind then formed the Cercle Hermaphroditos in 1895 along with other androgynes who frequented Paresis Hall. They formed this organization in the hopes "to unite for defense against the world’s bitter persecution” and to show that being transgender was natural, although there is not much solid evidence that this organization actually existed.

At the age of 28, Lind had herself castrated, a decision that she believed would make her healthier and decrease her extreme desires for sex. Lind felt that having male genitalia was the cause of her “disturbing” desires for sex. She also believed that castration would eliminate some of her other masculine features, such as facial hair.

She believed that she could 'diagnose a man sexually simply by hearing him sing', and she wanted to be an opera soprano.

Earl LindShe is one of the first writers to defend homosexuality in print, with the 1918 publication of Autobiography of an Androgyne (she had been trying to find a publisher who would accept the work since 1900); the book put forth arguments in defense of homosexuality and challenges society to integrate homosexuals, and it also details her personal anguish and her attempts to become straight.

Lind also wanted to prevent her younger counterparts from committing suicide. Her memoir The Autobiography of an Androgyne explains that she identifies as a third sex, calling herself an "androgyne", "fairie", "effeminate man", and "invert" who lives in a mostly male body but has the mind of a female. Other terms used were "bisexuals" and "female impersonators", since the terms "transgenders" did not yet exist at the time.

The book's two sequels are The Female-Impersonators (1922), and The Riddle of The Underworld (1921), discussing and exploring the sexual underground of New York City, particularly male transvestism. She was openly on the board of the SHR in 1924.


Sources: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - http://elisa-rolle.livejournal.com/

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