(February 19, 1917 - September 29, 1967) U.S.A.
Novelist and critic
Born Lula Carson Smith in Columbus, Georgia, where most of her works are set, although she was long resident in New York City. Married to Reeves McCullers, who preferred his own sex just as Carson did, she spent her life dressed in men's clothes, trying, almost unsuccessfully, to establish long-term relationships with the women she adored.
Her first novel was The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter (1940) and her second one, Reflections in a Golden Eye (1941), with which she immdiately achieved great critical prominence. She edicated this work to Annemarie Schwarzenbach, a beutiful, unhappily married Swiss writer, but Schwrzenbach was not prepared to form a long-term commitment and let her, breaking her heart. Most of McCuller's many infatuatons with women were unreciprocated.
McCullers's final novel was Clock Without Hands (1961), which was a bestseller, but received mixed review; Sweet as a Pickle, Clean as a Pig (1964) was a collection of children's verse. Her unfinished autobiography, Illumination and Night Glare (1999), McCullers dictated during her final months.
Carson McCullers suffered throughout her life from several illnesses - she had contracted rheumatic fever at the age of fifteen and a series of strokes left her a virtual invalid in her early 30's. She died from a stroke and a resultant brain haemorrhage in Nyack, New York.
Source: excerpts from: Gabriele Griffin, Who's Who in Lesbian and Gay and Writing, Routledge, London, 2002 - et alii