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Ferdinand Magellan
(Spring 1480 - April 27, 1521) Portugal

Ferdinand Magellan

Spanish admiral, and explorer

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Born at Sabrosa, in Trás-os-Montes, Portugal, his name was Fernão de Magalhães, in Spanish became Fernando de Magallanes, in Italian Ferdinando Magellano, in English Ferdinand Magellan...

He was brought up at court and entered the royal service, but later tranferred his services to Spain. His proposal to sail the East Indies by a westerly route was accepted, and in 1519 he started from Seville. He sailed through the Magellan Strait, to which he gave his name, crossed the Pacific, and in 1521 reached the Philippines.

Here he was killed in battle. His companions reached Seville in 1522, completing the return voyage under Del Cano, but Magellan and his Malay slave, Enrique de Malacca, were the first circumnavigators of the globe, since they had originally sailed from the Philippines to Europe.

Ferdinand Magellan is believed to have had homosexual relationships during his voyages at sea. When Victoria, the one surviving ship, returned to the harbor of departure after completing the first circumnavigation of the Earth, only 18 men out of the original 237 men were on board.

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