(1483 - 1520) Italy
Raffaello Sanzio was Born at Urbino, in the Marche (central Italy), Son of Giovanni Santi, a court painter, he studied under his father, and in 1499 was sent to Perugia, where he entered the studio of Perugino.
In 1504-08 he was in Florence. Paintings of this period include the St Catherine and the Ansidei Madonna in the National Gallery, London.
In 1508 he went to Rome where he was employed by pope Julius II to redecorate a number of rooms in the Vatican. From then on he and his studio painted a great many works - frescoes and easel pictures.
Perhaps less valued today than in the 19th century, when he was praised for achieving perfection of form and colour, he ranks nonethe less as one of the greatest High Renaissance masters, whose work influenced a whole generation of succeeding painters.