Sir Michael Scudamore Redgrave|
(March 20, 1908 - March 21, 1985) U.K.
Redgrave was born in Bristol, Gloucestershire, the child of actors Margaret (Daisy) Scudamore and Roy Redgrave. He was educated at the University of Cambridge. He worked as a teacher of modern languages at Cranleigh School, Surrey, where he spent much of his time directing and acting in amateur dramatic productions.
His professional acting career began at the Liverpool Playhouse in 1934, where he met and married actress Rachel Kempson. They had three children, Vanessa, Corin, and Lynn, who later went on to have distinguished acting careers of their own.
He went on to the Old Vic Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon, and the National Theatre in London from 1936 to 1937, establishing himself as a leading stage and film actor, noted for his intellectual performances.
An exceptionally versatile actor, Redgrave played a variety of roles, both classical and contemporary, including most of the great male roles in the plays of English poet and playwright William Shakespeare. He started his career in the movies with Hitchcock's The Lady Vanishes in 1938.
Redgrave directed plays and operas and wrote both original plays and adaptations. He is also the author of two books on acting, The Actor's Ways and Means (1953, revised in 1979 with a new introduction by Vanessa Redgrave) and Mask or Face (1958); and an autobiography, In My Mind's Eye (1983). His many films include The Lady Vanishes (1938), Mourning Becomes Electra (1947), The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1963), and Nicholas and Alexandra (1971).
Redgrave was knighted in 1959. He did at Denham, Buckinghamshire, of Parkinson's disease.