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Monique Wittig
(July 13, 1935 - January 3, 2003) France

Monique Wittig



Born in Haut-Rhin, she became an activist in the French feminist movement of the early 1970s, a celebrated writer of literary, teoretical and practical texts. In 1975 she met Sande Zeig, who was studying mime and teaching karate in Paris; Wittig was one of her pupils. They became involved and went to Greece, then in 1976 they went to the US, to live together in California. After emigrating to the US in 1976, Wittig became an academic within the North American system.

Critique is the hallmark of all Wittig's texts. The first target is language in its patriarchal forms, and from this primary critique flow all the others: those of gender, heterosexuality, psychoanalysis, structuralism and, perhaps most surprisingly, écriture feminine. A professor in Women's Studies and French at the University of Arizona, she died in Tucson.


Source: excerpt from: Aldrich R. & Wotherspoon G., Who's Who in Contemporary Gay and Lesbian History, from WWII to Present Day, Routledge, London, 2001 - et alii

Her work include:

  • The Opoponax (1966)
  • Les guérrillères (1969)
  • Le corps lesbien (The Lesbian Body,1973)
  • Brouillon pour un dictionnaire des amantes (Lesbian Peoples: Material for a Dictionary, 1979)
  • Virgile, non (Across the Acheron, 1985)
  • Le voyage sans fin (The Constant Journey, 1985)
  • The Straigh Nind and Other Essays (1992)
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