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Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk
(1424 - November 10, 1444) Poland

Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk

King of Hungary & Poland


(Also spelled Vladislas) Son of Wladyslaw II Jagiello, he was king of Poland from 1434 to his death. In 1440 he was offered the crown of Hungary under the condition of marrying Queen Elisabeth, the pregnant widow of king Albrecht Habsburg.

The queen soon gave birth to Vladislas the Posthumous, and refused to marry Wladislaw, almost half of her age, and decided to fight for the rights of her son. The struggle for the crown was waged for two years, until Wladyslaw of Poland was finally recognized as king of Hungary, under the name Ulászló I, mainly because he would be able to defend Hungary from the Turks.

In 1443-1444 Wladyslaw took part in the crusade against the Turks organized by Pope Eugene IV, during which the king was killed in the Battle of Varna. Though a defender of the faith and a martyr, Wladyslaw was never beatified nor made saint.

The most popular explanation of the fact is that Giulio Cesarini, the papal nuncio, hastened to inform the Holy See that the decisive battle had been lost due to sin committed by the late monarch.

Wladislaw supposedly spent the night before the battle in the tent of a good-looking Hungarian page. It is impossible to establish for certain whether Wladyslaw really was homosexual.


Source: excerpts from: Aldrich R. & Wotherspoon G., Who's Who in Gay and Lesbian History, from Antiquity to WWII, Routledge, London, 2001 - et alii

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