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Xochipilli
(myth) Mexico

Xochipilli

Aztec god patron of homosexuality and male prostitution

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Xochipilli, The Prince of Flowers, is the Aztec god of flowers, maize, love, games, beauty, song and dance. "Xochi" is from the Nahuatl xochitl or "flower", while pilli means either "Prince" or "child". He is the husband of Mayahuel and the twin brother of the goddess Xochiquetzal. He is also referred to as Macuilxochitl, which means "five flowers".

Xochiquetzal was considered the goddess of eroticism and sexual relations and, in her male aspect of her twin brother Xochipilli, he/she was the deity of male homosexuality and male prostitution.

In the mid-1800's, a 16th century Aztec statue of Xochipilli was unearthed on the side of the volcano Popocatapetl near Tlamanalco. The statue is of a single figure seated upon a temple-like base. Both the statue and the base upon which it sits are covered in carvings of sacred and psychoactive flowers including mushrooms (Psilocybe aztecorum), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), Ololiúqui (Rivea corymbosa), sinicuichi (Heimia salicifolia), possibly cacahuaxochitl (Quararibea funebris), and one unidentified flower.

The figure himself sits crosslegged on the base, head tilted up, eyes open, jaw tensed, with his mouth half open. The statue is currently is housed in the Museo Nacional de Antropologia of Mexico.

It has been presented by Wasson, Schultes, and Hofmann that Xochipilli represents a figure in the throes of entheogenic ecstasy. The position and expression of the body, in combination with the very clear representations of hallucinogenic plants which are known to have been used in sacred contexts by the Aztec support this interpretation.

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