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Florence Theresa Yoch
(July 15, 1890 - January 31, 1972) USA

Florence Yoch

Landscape designer

Lucile Council
(November 17, 1898 - January 21, 1964) USA

Lucile Council

Landscape designer


Florence was born in Santa Ana, California, The youngest of six daughters of Joseph Yoch, an entrepreneur, and Catherine Elizabeth Isch Yoch, a former teacher, Florence grew up in Santa Ana and Laguna Beach, where the family had a summer home and built the Laguna Beach Hotel, which hosted art exhibits and became a gathering spot for a growing cultural scene.

Yoch & CouncilFlorence spent much of her time outdoors which included horse and buggy trips from the family home in Santa Ana to the beachfront hotel they owned and operated in Laguna Beach. Yoch was surrounded by the cultural pursuits offered in Laguna Beach which included art, drama and gardening.

She attended the University of California, Berkeley and then at Cornell's College of Agriculture; finally she attended the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign where she obtained a degree in Landscape Gardening in 1915. She began her practice in Pasadena in 1918.

Florence's interest in gardening and landscape design was likely sparked during visits to Arden, the Orange County estate and gardens of Polish American actress and family friend Helena Modjeska, where Theodore Payne, later known as a specialist in California native plants, served as a gardener from 1893 to 1896.

Upon graduation, Yoch immediately went to work designing gardens in Pasadena and Orange County. In 1921, she hired as apprentices Katherine Bashford (who would leave to found her own solo practice in 1923) and Lucile Council, who had studied at both the Cambridge School of Domestic and Landscape Architecture and at Oxford.


Lucile Council (also spelled Lucille) was born in Williamsville, Illinois, to parents William H. Council and Francis Bloomfield. Lucile studied at Oxford University and at the Cambridge School of Domestic and Landscape Architecture in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where she earned a Master's degree.

Yoch & CouncilIn 1921, Lucile joined the landscape architectural firm of Florence as an apprentice. They soon became partners in life and in business, and in 1925, they formed their partnership, "Yoch & Council", working initially in a studio at the home of Lucile's parents in South Pasadena.

From there they would enjoy a thriving business creating landscaping for a large roster of clients that ranged from wealthy clientele in Pasadena and Santa Barbara to Hollywood players such as Jack L. Warner and George Cukor. Their firm got commissions from private residential clients, parks, public spaces. Their work range from grand estates to campuses, parks, even a botanical garden and five film sets for Hollywood movies.

Florence worked primarily on the design side of the practice, while Lucile handled business affairs. They educated their clients about many aspects of garden design, providing each with a book of Garden Maintenance Directions and teaching them about plants.

Their partnerships continued from 1921 to 1964: 43 years, until Lucile's death in Monterrey, California. Florence died in Carmel, California.


Sources: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - https://www.goodreads.com/ - http://www.oac.cdlib.org/ - https://tclf.org/

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