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The Life, Death and Cult of Saints Sergius and Bacchus
Patrons of Gay Sacred Unions

(feast day - October 7)


Sergius and Bacchus
Author: Alessio Ciani (1946 - living) Italy. © 2013
Mounted on wood, printed on canvas with frame and halos hand painted with acrilic gold
To order a copy of this beautiful icon, write to: Alessio Ciani

Go to Aleesio Ciani's website


The holy martyrs Sergius and Bacchus, noble Romans, are among the earliest authenticated and most celebrated Christian martyrs, originally commemorated in the Eastern and Western churches. It seems that the two saints were openly gay, but secretly Christian - the opposite of today's closeted gays who are openly Christians. The oldest record of their martyrdom describes them as erastai (Greek for "lovers"). They were lovers, but it was for their Christian faith that they were persecuted by the Romans.

They were Roman soldiers, officers in the army of Emperor Maximian, and both were his friends. Sergius is said to have been 'primicerius gymnasii trionum' (commandant of the recruits' school) at Trieste, and Bacchus a subaltern officer.

When they did not enter a temple of Jupiter with the Emperor who was sacrificing to the god, he ordered them to do so. When they further refused his order that they sacrifice to pagan gods, they were stripped of their arms and badges of rank, and then humiliated by being led through the streets of Arabissus (near Comana in Cappadocia), dressed in women's clothing.

Then they were sent to Resapha in Syria (Augusta Euphratesiae in Mesopotamia), where they were tortured. Bacchus was scourged with thongs of raw hide so terribly that his whole body was torn, and he gave up the ghost while confessing Christ. He died on Oct. 1, 290. His body was thrown out on to the highway, and it is said that vultures protected it from the attacks of dogs.

Sergius's faith faltered with the death of his lover, but only to return when Bacchus appeared to him in a vision and said, "I am still with you in the bond of our union." Sergius kept faith and he was then tortured further. His feet were fixed in boots spiked with nails and he was made to walk a long distance. As he remained steadfast in the faith, he was sentenced to be beheaded. He was decapitated on Oct. 7, 290. Like his lover, he died a martyr to the new religion.


The tomb of S. Sergius at Resapha (Siria) around 305 a.d. become a famous shrine and was honored by great gatherings of Christians because of the frequent miracles there.

Sergius and Bacchus became the heavenly protectors of the Byzantine army, with the two Theodores, Demetrius, Procopius and George. Their "acts" are preserved in Latin, Greek and Syriac.

Many churches in many towns bore the name of Sergius (sometimes with Bacchus), and his cultus was extraordinarily widespread and popular; the nomads of the desert looked on him as their special patron saint.

Emperor Justinian I enlarged and fortified Resapha, that was then renamed Sergiopolis. Sergius was venerated as patron of Syria. Parts of his relics were transferred to Venice, where these saints were patrons of the ancient cathedral. In the seventh century a church was dedicated to them in Rome.

During the Middle Ages, the relationship of Sergius and Bacchus was considered an exemplar of compassionate union, and possibly even marriage, based on agape (brotherly love) and mutual respect.

Here is the table of contents (Click on the small icons), with the names of the Holy Martyrs in several languages
(If you want to send their names in your language, we will add it to this list. Thank you.)
Legenda of the mini-icons: Churches --- Icons / Objects --- Liturgy --- History --- Notes
NationsLanguageTranslation
. EgyptCoptic
Arabic
Abu Serga (or Sarga, or Sargius)
Mar Sarkis wa Bakhoswriting
. Jordan - IsraelArabic
Hebrew
Mar Sarkis wa Bakhos writing
writing
. SyriaArabicMar Sarkis wa Bakhoswriting
. IranPharsiMar Sarkis wa Bakhos (?)writing
. LebanonArabicMar Sarkis wa Bakhos writing
. TurkeyTurkishAziz Sergius ve Bacchus
. GreeceGreekAgion Sergiou kai Bakhouwriting
. CyprusGreekAgion Sergiou kai Bakhouwriting
. Italy - VaticanItalian
Latin
Santi Sergio e Bacco (in Sardiania = San Bachis or Bachisio
Sanctus Sergius et Baccus
. FranceFrenchSaints Serge et Bacchus (or Bacq, Bâche)<
. SpainSpanish
Catalan
Santos Sergio y Baco
Sant Sergi i Sant Bacus
. PortugalPortugueseSão Sergio e São Baco
. GermanyGermanHeiligen Sergios und Bakchos
. U.K.EnglishSaints Sergius and Bacchus
. IrelandIrishNaomh Sergius agus Bacchus
. HollandDutchHeiligen Sergius en Bacchus
. DenmarkDanishSaint Sergius og Bacchus
. SwedenSwedishHeliga Sergios och Bacchus
. FinlandFinnishSaint Sergius ja Bacchus
. SerbiaSerbianSveti Sergije [Srdj] i Vakkhuswriting
. AlbaniaAlbanianShenjtorët Sergjit dhe Bakut
. KosovoAlbanian
Serbian
Shenjtorët Sergjit dhe Bakut
Sveti Sergije [Srdj] i Vakkhus
. MontenegroMontenegrinSveti Sergij i Vakuswriting
. CroatiaCroatianSveti Srdj i Bah
. MacedoniaMacedonianSveti Sergij i Bahuswriting
. Bosnia Herzeg.BosniacSveti Sergij i Bacuh
. SloveniaSlovenesv Sergija in Bakhusa
. RussiaRussianSvjatyh Sergija i Vakhawriting
. UkraineUkrainianSvyatyŷ Serhiŷ ta Vakhwriting
. ArmeniaArmenianSurb Sergio yev Bakushwriting
. AzerbaijanAzerianSaint Sergius ve Bacchus
. BelorussiaBelorussianSviatych Sierhija i Vakchwriting
. GeorgiaGeorgianTsmindani Sergi da Bakosiwriting
. RomaniaRumanianSfinţilor Serghie şi Vah
. BulgariaBulgarianSv. Sergiî i Bakkhuswriting
. PolandPolishŚwięty Sergiusz i Bachus
. Czech rep.CzechSvatí Sergius a Bacchus
. HungaryCzechSzent Sergius és Bacchus
. CanadaEnglish
French
Saints Sergius and Bacchus
Saints Serge et Bacchus
. U.S.A.English
Saints Sergius and Bacchus
. BrazilPortuguese
São Sergio e São Baco
. BoliviaSpanish
Santos Sergio y Baco
. AustraliaEnglish
Saints Sergius and Bacchus
. New ZelandEnglish
Saints Sergius and Bacchus
. ChinaChinese
(Shèng Xiè-ěr-gài hé Ba-kè-sī)writing
. JapanJapanese
Seijin Serugiusu to Bakkasuwriting
. MalaysiaMalaysian
Santo Sergius (or Serge) dan Bacchus syuhada
. Unknown-
-
. -EsperantoSanktaj Serĝo kaj Bako
. -SwahiliWatakatifu Sergius na Bacchus
. EritreaAmarick’idisiti serigiyusi ina bakesiwriting
The Gay Holy Union Rite

Hymn attributed to Walahfrid Strabo - Novena
Hymns and prayers

Appendix and Notes

The Passion of Saints Sergius and Bacchus

Sergius and Bacchus
Sources:

  • The Roman Martirology
  • The Encyclopedia Britannica Online
  • Holweck, R.G., A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints
  • Butler's Lives of the Saints
  • Migne ed. of Simon Metaphrastes,
    in Patrologia Graeca

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