Last update:
June 7th
2005

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Victims of the Gay Holocaust


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Re-discovering the names, faces, and stories of Nazis' Homosexual Victims

When we gay people wear or use the "pink triangle", it is to us just a symbol, an emblem of gay liberation, that rarely and vaguely recalls to us that it was the way Nazis "marked" the homosexuals. Very seldom we think that this "mark" meant, for the bearers in a Concentration Camp, that they were the most despised inmates, often even more than the Jews, who anyway were the "lowest" class in Nazi Lagers.

Jews were barbarously, and systematically eliminated as a people, because of racial hatred and of an official policy of Nazis. Homosexuals were not officially doomed to be exterminated, but they were just abandoned in the hands of the most sadistic attitudes of Camps' guards and officials, who mistreated, oppressed and killed them just for "fun". It was a personal hatred deriving from contempt and scorn, the same hatred that "justifies" the bashing and the killing of so many gay people even in our days, in our countries.

The pink triangle, transformed thus by homosexuals from a mark of Nazi persecution into an emblem of gay liberation, gained great currency but lost its link to the personal dramatic experience of the gay holocaust. Today, after more than half a century, the symbol can be associated once again with some men's names, with their voices, their story. This is the reason why we decided to open this section of out Memorial.

The number of homosexuals who died in Nazi concentration camps is unknown and likely to remain so. Although statistics are available on the number of men brought to trial on charges of "lewd and unnatural behaviour," many more were sent to camps without the benefit of a trial. Moreover, many homosexuals were summarily executed by firing squads; this was particularly the case with gays in the military -- which encompassed nearly every able-bodied man during the final years of the war. Finally, many concentration camps systematically destroyed all their records when it became apparent that German defeat was imminent.

Please, read the following sections (click on the pink triangle)
CLICK5.1.1 - The beginning of persecution
5.1.2 - Homosexuals targeted
5.1.3 - Tracking down suspected homosexuals
pink triangle
CLICK5.2 - Arrested, deported, killed
CLICK5.3 - Homosexuals in the German Army in War time
CLICK5.4.1 - Homosexuals in Concentration camps normally died within months
5.4.2 - A difficult (and painful) "coming out"
CLICK5.5 - Forgotten Holocaust (article by Rochambeau)

A partial list of "pink triangle" victims
(click on the names to read their file)
NOTE: several of the mug-shots are © of Jörg Hutter
Friedrich Althoff Germany - waiter Deported January 25, 1938 Destiny unknown
Friedrich Baumann Germany - worker Deported June 20, 1941 Killed
Gad Beck Germany - writer Arrested March 1945 Liberated
Albrecht Becker Germany - art director Arrested 1935 Freed 1938
Anton Baerzchik Germany - worker Deported May 23, 1941 Destiny unknown
Oskar Birke Germany - farmer Deported August 29, 1941 Killed
Kurt Brüssow Poland - actor Deported May 28, 1941 Destiny unknown
Kurt Bruhn Germany - waiter Deported January 25, 1942 Killed
Walter Degen Germany - ironsmith Deported January 25, 1942 Killed
Heinz Dörmer Germany - youth leader Deported April, 1935 Freed 1963
Emil Drews Germany - farmer Deported August 22, 1941 Killed
Heinz F. Germany - farmer Deported 1935 Freed 1944
Alfred Fischer Germany - shoemaker Deported October 31, 1941 Killed
Max Gergla Germany - shopkeeper Deported November 28, 1941 Killed
Karl Gorath Germany - deacon Deported November 28, 1938 Liberated
Friedrich-Paul von Groszheim Germany - merchant Arrested January, 1937 Liberated
Richard Grune Germany - artist Arrested December, 1934 Liberated
Heinz Heger Austria - student Arrested 1939 Liberated
Otto Herzfeld Poland - workman Deported October 3, 1941 Killed
Erwin Jahnke Germany - electrician Deported December 19, 1941 Destiny unknown
Walter John Germany - workman Deported August 29, 1941 Killed
Willi Käcker Germany - shopkeeper Deported August 29, 1941 Killed
Josef Klose Germany - tailor Deported July 25, 1941 Killed
Josef Kohout Austria - work unknown Deported 1939 Liberated
Friedrich Kühne Germany - clerk Deported May 23, 1941 Destiny unknown
Karl Lange Germany - shop apprentice Deported 1935 Liberated
Franz Langecker Germany - clerk Deported August 22, 1941 Destiny unknown
Paul Lehrfeld Germany - worker Deported August 22, 1941 Killed
Manfred Lewin Germany - student Deported November, 1942 Killed
Johann Mauler Latvia - Workman Deported September 11, 1941 Killed
Rudolf von Mayer Germany - bailiff Deported May 30, 1941 Killed
Waldemar Mews Germany - baker Deported October 10, 1941 Killed
Paul O'Montis Germany - Singer Deported June, 1940 Killed
Robert T. Odeman Germany - musician Deported 1942 Escaped
Robert Oelbermann Germany - work unknown Deported 1936 Killed
Harry Pauly Germany - actor Deported 1943 Survived
Walter Peters Germany - physician Deported October 10, 1941 Killed
August Pfeiffer Germany - servant Deported November 1, 1941 Killed
Günther Pieka Slovakia? - Miller Deported May 23, 1941 Destiny unknown
Willi Pohl Germany - textile worker Deported June 6, 1941 Killed
Hugo Präbitzer Germany - electrician Deported September 12, 1941 Killed
Fritz Ruske Germany - nurse Deported November 27, 1941 Destiny unknown
Henny Schermann Germany - shop assistant Deported 1940 Killed
Richard Schiller Germany - office assistant Deported October 25, 1941 Killed
Erwin Schimitzek Germany - trade clerk Deported August 28, 1941 Killed
Heinz Schumacher Germany - shopkeeper Deported December 5, 1941 Killed
Pierre Seel France - student Deported 1940 Liberated
Emil Sliwiok Germany - workman Deported 1941 Killed
Paul Gerhard Vogel ? - ? Deported ? Liberated
Name unknown Prisoner #3877 Arrested 1936 - 1939 Destiny unknown
Name unknown Germany - Interior designer Arrested ? Destiny unknown
Name unknown Germany - Work unknown Deported December 6, 1941 Killed
Name unknown Germany - Bartender Deported August 27, 1936 Destiny unknown
Name unknown Germany - ? Arrested October, 1937 Destiny unknown

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